Android: Create PDF without any library [Part 1]
PDF are simple document format with supports text and images. It is simple to share, non editable can be password protected. Great for receipts and invoices.
As i was looking for a library to create PDF natively on Android but couldn't found one that is free to use.
Some time ago, i had a use case where i needed to create PDF on device and unfortunately no free to use library was available at that time which can create PDF's on user's device.
So, i digged into Android's Printing custom documents where i came across PdfDocument which can generate PDF from
Here is how it is done:
We start by creating a PdfDocument
// Create PDF Document. PdfDocument pdfDocument = new PdfDocument();
Create a Page in PdfDocument
PdfDocument.PageInfo pageInfo = new PdfDocument.PageInfo. Builder((int) PDF_PAGE_WIDTH, (int) PDF_PAGE_HEIGHT, i + 1).create();
Create a view to be printed on PDF
TextView view = new TextView(context); view.setText("PDF Example");
Draw view on the page
Canvas pageCanvas = page.getCanvas(); pageCanvas.scale(1f, 1f); int pageWidth = pageCanvas.getWidth(); int pageHeight = pageCanvas.getHeight(); int measureWidth = View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(pageWidth, View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY); int measuredHeight = View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(pageHeight, View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY); contentView.measure(measureWidth, measuredHeight); contentView.layout(0, 0, pageWidth, pageHeight); contentView.draw(pageCanvas);
Finish the page
Save pdf to file
File pdfFile = new File(mFilePath); // Write PDFDocument to the file. FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(pdfFile); pdfDocument.writeTo(fos); // Close output stream fos.close(); // close the document pdfDocument.close();
Above code will create a simple PDF with one page that contains TextView inside it.
Now let's start creating an actual PDF...
Creating PDF: Simple
PdfDocument API will renders any views to PDF. It is as simple as creating an activity, getting its
view and rendering PdfDocument of that view.
A Simple PDF page is of
Note: As dp and sp are device dependent, make sure you create all of your layout in px as it will look same in all devices.
- Create an
Activitywhich will have a vertical
- Add all views with static data inside it.
- Make sure no view exceeds allotted height as it will be trimmed.
- If you want to create new page just repeat 1-3.
- In your
onCreate(), get reference of all
LinearLayoutand create PDF (using step 4) with each layout as one page.
P.S. in next chapter we will create more advanced PDF and dynamically insert data and create multi page PDF
To make your work easier i have created a Library to generate dynamic PDF using above methods View on Github